What is Water?

what is water, distilled water, spring water, alkaline water,

Water by definition is a compound formed between 1 hydrogen molecule and 2 oxygen molecules combined by a covalent bond.  The chemical formula for water is known as H20.  Water is found in all living things and is one of the most available substances on Earth.

what is water?

What are the phases of water?

All water on Earth is recycled.  The planet has a natural process known as the water cycle that recycles water by putting it through the three phase changes. These phase changes are what allow the water cycle to occur naturally on Earth.

Water Cycle, Water Phases, Gas, Liquid, Solid

Distilled Water

What is distilled water?

By definition, distilled water is water that has had all minerals and particles other than hydrogen and oxygen removed from it. It is chemically known as pure water.

How is distilled water made?

Distilled water is water that has been purified through vaporization and condensation.  This involves the process of boiling water which leaves behind the impurities within.  Following this the water is condensed, or cooled and converted to liquid form creating distilled water.

Benefits of Distilled Water

Drinking distilled water may have benefits when compared to the source water in your area. The direct benefits from drinking distilled water will vary when compared to the quality of water that is available to you. Some locations have many minerals and contaminants that are linked to health effects. If you want to know what contaminants are found in your water check out this tap water quality checker.

Uses of Distilled Water

There are a few beneficial uses where distilled water may be better to use than regular tap water.

  1. Drinking Water
  2. Humidifiers
  3. Healthcare procedures
  4. Aquariums
  5. Steam Irons
  6. Batteries
  7. Vehicles
  8. Coolant Systems
  9. Industrial uses

Deionized Water

What is deionized water?

Deionized water is water that has gone through the process of distillation and is filtered beyond that to remove ions. Deionized water is considered to be a more pure version of distilled water.

Can you drink deionized water?

While technically you can drink deionized water it is debatable as to whether this water is better than regular drinking water for your health. This water is missing ions and minerals that may be beneficial to your health. This water is also not easily accessible as it is harder to obtain and costs much more than regular drinking water.

Uses of deionized water

Deionized water is mostly used in an industrial environment. It is typically used for:

  1. microchips
  2. batteries
  3. laboratory mixtures
  4. specialized cleaning
  5. mechanical coolant systems

Tap Water

What is tap water?

Tap water is typically know as water that has been cleaned to the required regulations and supplied to a water tap. This water is used for purposes such as drinking, washing, cooking, and small-scale irrigation. It is a good idea to have an additional filter for water used in cooking and drinking in order to remove extra contaminants.

Alkaline Water

What is alkaline water?

Alkaline water means that the water is more basic than regular water. This means that on the pH scale the alkaline water would register greater than a 7 as tap water is almost neutral.

ph scale alkaline water

What is alkaline water used for?

Alkaline water has been said to help with numerous health conditions; although none of these are proven. They range from:

  • Neutralizing stomach acids
  • Helping with certain types of cancers
  • Weight loss
  • Lowering the body’s pH level
  • Antioxidant
  • Detrofication
  • Improving Digestion
  • Increasing Energy and Focus
  • Longevity

How can you make alkaline water?

Alkaline water is very simple to make. While there are multiple ways to make alkaline water the simplest process involves using electrolysis. This is done by using a water ionizer machine.

Pure Water

What is pure water?

Pure water is water that has all the impurities removed from it.  This is a subcategory of water and may include distilled and deionized water.  Pure water has only hydrogen and oxygen atoms within it.  Pure water is used for industrial purposes more specifically in the microchip and battery industry.

Hard Water

What is hard water?

Hard water is water with an overly high amount of minerals within it.  Typically this water is formed when it comes into contact with soft rocks that release minerals into the water.

Typical Minerals Causing Hardness

  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

How to lower water hardness

Lowering water hardness will depend on what the use of the water is. If you are lowering the hardness in a pool there are chemical additives that can be added or the pool can be emptied out. If you are attempting to lower water hardness in a fish tank you may want to add distilled water or tap water.

Soft Water

What is soft water?

Soft water is water that has small amounts of minerals and ions within it.  Soft water is the result of water not coming into contact with minerals that are easily eroded.


This page lists the main types of water and general information related to each one of them. To learn more about what water is